A toddler with phylloid-type pigmentary mosaicism and ambiguous genitalia resulting from trisomy 14 induced by a der(Y)t(Y;14)

V. I. Romero, J. C. Pozo, S. Saenz, A. Llamos-Paneque, T. Liehr, K. Hosomichi, A. Tajima

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Abstract

A 1-year-old baby with phylloid-type pigmentary mosaicism, hypotonia, ambiguous genitalia, and a positive screening test for congenital adrenal hyperplasia was referred. Previous sonograph, cytogenetics, and metabolic profile were inconclusive, therefore we performed an additional karyotype and a molecular cytogenetics studies. A mosaic karyotype 45,X/46,X,der(Y)t(Y;14) was characterized in peripheral blood. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia genes were sequenced and the results were negative. The ambiguous genitalia was the result of the special gonosomal mosaicism. The low level of trisomy 14 led to minor physical characteristics and mild mental retardation; also, Turner syndrome features can be expected rather than severe trisomy 14 stigmata.

Original languageEnglish
Article number28
JournalHuman Genome Variation
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2020

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