Cardiovascular risk assessment in elderly adults using SCORE OP model in a Latin American population: The experience from Ecuador

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Abstract

Introduction and objective: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality is predicted to increase in Latin America countries due to their rapidly aging population. However, there is very little information about CVD risk assessment as a primary preventive measure in this high-risk population. Material and methods: We predicted the national risk of developing CVD in Ecuadorian elderly population using the Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation in Older Persons (SCORE OP) High and Low models by risk categories/CVD risk region in 2009. Data on national cardiovascular risk factors were obtained from the Encuesta sobre Salud, Bienestar y Envejecimiento. We computed the predicted 5-year risk of CVD risk and compared the extent of agreement and reclassification in stratifying high-risk individuals between SCORE OP High and Low models. Analyses were done by risk categories, CVD risk region, and sex. Results: In 2009, based on SCORE OP Low model almost 42% of elderly adults living in Ecuador were at high risk of suffering CVD over a 5-year period. The extent of agreement between SCORE OP High and Low risk prediction models was moderate (Cohen's kappa test of 0.5), 34% of individuals approximately were reclassified into different risk categories and a third of the population would benefit from a pharmacologic intervention to reduce the CVD risk. Conclusions: Forty-two percent of elderly Ecuadorians were at high risk of suffering CVD over a 5-year period, indicating an urgent need to tailor primary preventive measures for this vulnerable and high-risk population.

Translated title of the contributionEvaluación del riesgo cardiovascular en adultos mayores utilizando el modelo SCORE OP en una población latinoamericana: experiencia en Ecuador
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-98
Number of pages7
JournalMedicina Clinica
Volume150
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 9 Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Ecuador
  • Elderly population
  • Risk assessment

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