Cinnamomum sp. and Pelargonium odoratissimum as the Main Contributors to the Antibacterial Activity of the Medicinal Drink Horchata: A Study Based on the Antibacterial and Chemical Analysis of 21 Plants

Paulina Fernandez-Soto, Diana Celi, Eduardo Tejera, José Miguel Alvarez-Suarez, António Machado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Horchata, a herbal infusion drink from Ecuador containing a mixture of medicinal plants, has been reported to exhibit anti-inflammatory, analgesic, diuretic, and antioxidant activity. The antibacterial activity of each of the plants contained in the horchata mixture has not been fully evaluated. Thus, in this study, we analysed the antibacterial activity of 21 plants used in horchata, collected from the Ecuadorian Andes region, against bacterial strains of clinical importance. The methanolic extract of Cinnamomum sp. showed minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 250 µg/mL against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC25923 and Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), while Pelargonium odoratissimum exhibited a MIC value of 500 µg/mL towards S. aureus ATCC25923. The high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-MS/MS) analyses identified in Cinnamomum sp. epicatechin tannins, cinnamaldehyde, and prehelminthosporol molecules, whereas in P. odoratissimum, gallocatechin and epigallocatechin tannins, some flavonoids, and gallic acid and derivatives were identified. Finally, Cinnamomum sp. and P. odoratissimum showed partial inhibition of biofilm formation of S. aureus ATCC25923 and MRSA. Overall, our findings revealed which of the plants used in horchata are responsible for the antibacterial activity attributed to this herbal drink and exhibit the potential for Cinnamomum sp. and P. odoratissimum secondary metabolites to be explored as scaffolds in drug development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number693
JournalMolecules
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • antibacterial activity
  • biofilm
  • Cinnamomumsp
  • horchata
  • natural products
  • Pelargonium odoratissimum
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
  • Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry
  • Tannins
  • Pelargonium
  • Plant Extracts/pharmacology
  • Cinnamomum/chemistry
  • Staphylococcus aureus

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