Darwin returns to the galapagos: Genetic and morphological analyses confirm the presence of tramea darwini at the archipelago (odonata, libellulidae)

María Olalla Lorenzo-Carballa, Rosser W. Garrison, Andrea C. Encalada, Adolfo Cordero-Rivera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The status of the Tramea species present in the Galapagos Islands (Odonata, Libellulidae) has been the subject of a long-standing debate among odonatologists. Here, we use molecular and morphological data to analyze a series of specimens from this genus collected in 2018 from the Islands of San Cristobal, Isabela, and Santa Cruz, with the aim of determining their relationship with Tramea calverti Muttkowski and with their currently considered senior synonym T. cophysa Hagen. We combined sequencing of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA with morphological examination of several specimens of Tramea, including representatives of continental T. cophysa and T. calverti. Our molecular analyses place the Tramea from Galapagos in the same clade as T. calverti, with T. cophysa as a closely related species. The morphological analyses found only one consistent difference between T. cophysa and T. calverti: the presence of an accessory lobe in the male vesica spermalis of T. cophysa that is absent in T. calverti and in the Tramea from Galapagos. In agreement with our genetic results, the overall morphological differences documented by us indicate that the Galapagos material examined is conspecific with T. calverti. In light of this, and following the principle of priority in taxonomic nomenclature, Tramea calverti Muttkowski, 1910 should hereafter be considered a junior synonym of Tramea darwini Kirby, 1889.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalInsects
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Dragonflies
  • Islands
  • Molecular markers
  • Morphological analysis
  • Synonymy
  • Taxonomy

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Darwin returns to the galapagos: Genetic and morphological analyses confirm the presence of tramea darwini at the archipelago (odonata, libellulidae)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this