Organic vs conventional plant-based foods: A review

Francesca Giampieri, Luca Mazzoni, Danila Cianciosi, José M. Alvarez-Suarez, Lucia Regolo, Cristina Sánchez-González, Franco Capocasa, Jianbo Xiao, Bruno Mezzetti, Maurizio Battino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Organic farming is characterized by the prohibition of the use of chemical synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, feed additives and genetically modified organisms and by the application of sustainable agricultural technologies based on ecological principles and natural rules. Organic products are believed to be more nutritious and safer foods compared to the conventional alternatives by consumers, with the consequent increase of demand and price of these foodstuffs. However, in academic circles there is much debate on these issues, since there is not a clear scientific evidence of the difference on the environmental impact and on the nutritional quality, safety and health effects between conventional and organic foods. Therefore, this work aims to describe and update the most relevant data on organic foods, by describing the impact of this practice on environment, producers, consumers and society, as well as by comparing the physicochemical, nutritional and phytochemical quality of conventional and organic plant foods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number132352
JournalFood Chemistry
StatePublished - 30 Jul 2022


  • Environmental impact
  • Nutritional quality
  • Residues
  • Safety
  • Sustainability


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