Rashba spin-orbit interaction enhanced by graphene in-plane deformations

B. Berche, F. Mireles, E. Medina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Graphene consists in a single-layer carbon crystal where 2pz electrons display a linear dispersion relation in the vicinity of the Fermi level, conveniently described by a massless Dirac equation in 2Å1 spacetime. Spin-orbit effects open a gap in the band structure and offer perspectives for the manipulation of the conducting electrons spin. Ways to manipulate spin-orbit couplings in graphene have been generally assessed by proximity effects to metals that do not compromise the mobility of the unperturbed system and are likely to induce strain in the graphene layer. In this work we explore the U(1)×SU(2) gauge 1elds that result from the uniform stretching of a graphene sheet under a perpendicular electric 1eld. Considering such deformations is particularly relevant due to the counter-intuitive enhancement of the Rashba coupling between 30-50% for small bond deformations well known from tight-binding and DFT calculations. We report the accessible changes that can be operated in the band structure in the vicinity of the K points as a function of the deformation strength and direction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13702
JournalCondensed Matter Physics
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Graphene
  • Spin-current
  • Spin-orbit interaction

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