Synthesis, In Vitro, and In Silico Analysis of the Antioxidative Activity of Dapsone Imine Derivatives

Ricardo Guzmán-Ávila, Mayra Avelar, Edgar A. Márquez, Julio C. Rivera-Leyva, José R. Mora, Virginia Flores-Morales, Jesús Rivera-Islas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dapsone (DDS) is an antibacterial drug with well-known antioxidant properties. However, the antioxidant behavior of its derivatives has not been well explored. In the present work, the antioxidant activity of 10 dapsone derivatives 4-substituted was determined by an evaluation in two in vitro models (DPPH radical scavenging assay and ferric reducing antioxidant power). These imine derivatives 1-10 were obtained through condensation between DDS and the corresponding aromatic aldehydes 4-substuited. Three derivatives presented better results than DDS in the determination of DPPH (2, 9, and 10). Likewise, we have three compounds with better reducing activity than dapsone (4, 9, and 10). In order to be more insight, the redox process, a conceptual DFT analysis was carried out. Molecular descriptors such as electronic distribution, the total charge accepting/donating capacity (I/A), and the partial charge accepting/donating capacity (ω+/ω-) were calculated to analyze the relative donor-acceptor capacity through employing a donor acceptor map (DAM). The DFT calculation allowed us to establish a relationship between GAPHOMO-LUMO and DAM with the observed antioxidant effects. According to the results, we concluded that compounds 2 and 3 have the lowest Ra values, representing a good antioxidant behavior observed experimentally in DPPH radical capturing. On the other hand, derivatives 4, 9, and 10 display the best reducing capacity activity with the highest ω- and Rd values. Consequently, we propose these compounds as the best antireductants in our DDS imine derivative series.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecules
Volume26
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • antioxidant in vitro
  • dapsone imines
  • dapsone-derivatives

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