Telemedicine and home-based treatment of covid-19 in resource-limited countries. Report of 3 cases

Killen H. Briones-Claudett, Mónica H. Briones-Claudett, Killen H. Briones-Zamora, Diana C. Briones-Márquez, Andrea Icaza-Freire, Michelle Grunauer

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

Abstract

Ecuador, despite having taken aggressive and early measures to stop the progression of the pandemic (CO-VID-19), ended up becoming an epicenter of the pandemic in Latin America, and with the collapse of its health care system. The authors describe three patients who had confirmed COVID-19 and met the criteria for hospital admission but could not be assigned a hospital bed in a resource-limited country. The patients in-cluded a 72-year-old male, an 82-year-old female, and a 56-year-old male. They typically presented with fever, dyspnea, loss of taste and smell, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Oxygen saturation during the initial evaluation ranged from 80-89%. Laboratory results reported lymphopenia and neutrophilia, with leukocytosis in two patients. Inflammatory markers were also elevated for all three patients. CT scan findings showed bilateral ground-glass pulmonary opacities. SARS-CoV-2 was confirmed in all three patients by real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing. Home-based treatment was established. At the time of writing this report, all patients remain asymptomatic and with negative COVID-19 testing. Telemedicine and home-based treatment were essential assets in the care of these severely ill patients living in a low-resource setting where not all patients who have criteria to be admitted into the hospital are able to find a place in a collapsed health care system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-157
Number of pages3
JournalEurasian Journal of Medicine
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Health Services
  • Telemedicine

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