Analysis of the effects of the prolonged standing and sitting posture on physiological indicators, and the potential impact on health: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Mateo Maldonado, Nicolás Orbe, María Gabriela García

Producción científica: Capítulo del libro/informe/acta de congresoContribución a la conferenciarevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Prolonged standing and sitting in the job environment are one of the principal causes of cardiovascular disease and musculoskeletal disorders. However, these diseases turn out to be just the results of sedentary postures and little has been analyzed regarding physiological indicators due to extended workdays. The main objective of this study was to do a systematic review and a meta-analysis using PRISMA strategy on the effects of prolonged standing and sitting postures in physiological biomarkers measured in work tasks, simulated workday activities and uninterrupted postures evaluated in laboratory. This study is intended to analyze different effects of prolonged standing and sitting in physiological indicators and its possible impact on human health due to these postures. A total of 46 studies for the seated posture and 29 for the standing posture were selected and included in the 95% IC meta-analysis. Results have proven statistical significance and reliable heterogeneity for the following biomarkers: Amplitude muscle twitch force indicator MTF (p=<0.001; I^2=0%), Mean arterial pressure (p=0.049; I^2=15.09%), Venous refilling time (<0.001; 43.86%), Lower limb volume (p=<0.001; I^2=0%) for prolonged standing in healthy population and Lower leg circumference (p=0.031; I^2=0%), Triglycerides (p=0.007; I^2=15.57%) for prolonged sitting posture in healthy and overweight population respectively.

Idioma originalInglés
Título de la publicación alojadaProceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, 2021
EditorialIEOM Society
Páginas3369-3387
Número de páginas19
ISBN (versión impresa)9781792361258
EstadoPublicada - 2021
Evento2nd South American Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, IEOM 2021 - Sao Paulo, Brasil
Duración: 5 abr. 20218 abr. 2021

Serie de la publicación

NombreProceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management
ISSN (versión digital)2169-8767

Conferencia

Conferencia2nd South American Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, IEOM 2021
País/TerritorioBrasil
CiudadSao Paulo
Período5/04/218/04/21

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