Battle royale: Immune response on biofilms – host-pathogen interactions

Sandra Pamela Cangui-Panchi, Anahí Lizbeth Ñacato-Toapanta, Leonardo Joshué Enríquez-Martínez, Gabriela Alexandra Salinas-Delgado, Jorge Reyes, Daniel Garzon-Chavez, António Machado

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revisiónrevisión exhaustiva

7 Citas (Scopus)


The research interest of the scientific community in biofilm-forming microorganisms is growing due to the problems caused by their infections affecting humans and animals, mainly because of the difficulty of the host immune system in eradicating these microbial complex communities and the increasing antimicrobial resistance rates worldwide. This review describes the virulence factors and their interaction with the microbial communities of four well-known and highly biofilm-forming pathogens, more exactly, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus spp., and Candida spp. The innate and adaptive immune responses caused by the infection with these microorganisms and their evasion to the host immune system by biofilm formation are discussed in the present work. The relevance of the differences in the expression of certain virulence factors and the immune response in biofilm-associated infections when compared to planktonic infections is usually described as the biofilm architecture protects the pathogen and alters the host immune responses, here we extensively discussed these mechanisms.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo100057
PublicaciónCurrent Research in Immunology
EstadoPublicada - 28 mar. 2023


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