Bee Products: An Emblematic Example of Underutilized Sources of Bioactive Compounds

Francesca Giampieri, Jose Luis Quiles, Danila Cianciosi, Tamara Yuliett Forbes-Hernández, Francisco Josè Orantes-Bermejo, José Miguel Alvarez-Suarez, Maurizio Battino

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revisiónrevisión exhaustiva

47 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Beside honey, honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) are able to produce many byproducts, including bee pollen, propolis, bee bread, royal jelly, and beeswax. Even if the medicinal properties of these byproducts have been recognized for thousands of years by the ancient civilizations, in the modern era, they have a limited use, essentially as nutritional supplements or health products. However, these natural products are excellent sources of bioactive compounds, macro- and micronutrients, that, in a synergistic way, confer multiple biological activities to these byproducts, such as, for example, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. This work aims to update the chemical and phytochemical composition of bee pollen, propolis, bee bread, royal jelly, and beeswax and to summarize the main effects exerted by these byproducts on human health, from the anticancer and immune-modulatory activities to the antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, hypotensive, and anti-allergic properties.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)6833-6848
Número de páginas16
PublicaciónJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volumen70
N.º23
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 15 jun. 2022

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