Bond-based linear indices in QSAR: Computational discovery of novel anti-trichomonal compounds

Yovani Marrero-Ponce, Alfredo Meneses-Marcel, Oscar M. Rivera-Borroto, Ramón García-Domenech, Jesus Vicente Julián-Ortiz, Alina Montero, José Antonio Escario, Alicia Gómez Barrio, David Montero Pereira, Juan José Nogal, Ricardo Grau, Francisco Torrens, Christian Vogel, Vicente J. Arán

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

38 Citas (Scopus)


Trichomonas vaginalis (Tv) is the causative agent of the most common, non-viral, sexually transmitted disease in women and men worldwide. Since 1959, metronidazole (MTZ) has been the drug of choice in the systemic treatment of trichomoniasis. However, resistance to MTZ in some patients and the great cost associated with the development of new trichomonacidals make necessary the development of computational methods that shorten the drug discovery pipeline. Toward this end, bond-based linear indices, new TOMOCOMD-CARDD molecular descriptors, and linear discriminant analysis were used to discover novel trichomonacidal chemicals. The obtained models, using non-stochastic and stochastic indices, are able to classify correctly 89.01% (87.50%) and 82.42% (84.38%) of the chemicals in the training (test) sets, respectively. These results validate the models for their use in the ligand-based virtual screening. In addition, they show large Matthews' correlation coefficients (C) of 0.78 (0.71) and 0.65 (0.65) for the training (test) sets, correspondingly. The result of predictions on the 10% full-out cross-validation test also evidences the robustness of the obtained models. Later, both models are applied to the virtual screening of 12 compounds already proved against Tv. As a result, they correctly classify 10 out of 12 (83.33%) and 9 out of 12 (75.00%) of the chemicals, respectively; which is the most important criterion for validating the models. Besides, these classification functions are applied to a library of seven chemicals in order to find novel antitrichomonal agents. These compounds are synthesized and tested for in vitro activity against Tv. As a result, experimental observations approached to theoretical predictions, since it was obtained a correct classification of 85.71% (6 out of 7) of the chemicals. Moreover, out of the seven compounds that are screened, synthesized and biologically assayed, six compounds (VA7-34, VA7-35, VA7-37, VA7-38, VA7-68, VA7-70) show pronounced cytocidal activity at the concentration of 100 μ/ml at 24 h (48 h) within the range of 98.66%-100% (99.40%-100%), while only two molecules (chemicals VA7-37 and VA7-38) show high cytocidal activity at the concentration of 10 μg/ml at 24 h (48 h): 98.38% (94.23%) and 97.59% (98.10%), correspondingly. The LDA-assisted QSAR models presented here could significantly reduce the number of synthesized and tested compounds and could increase the chance of finding new chemical entities with anti-trichomonal activity.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)523-540
Número de páginas18
PublicaciónJournal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design
EstadoPublicada - ago. 2008
Publicado de forma externa


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