Calcium supplementation and the risk of preeclampsia in Ecuadorian pregnant teenagers

Patricio López-Jaramillo, Francisco Delgado, Patricio Jácome, Enrique Terán, César Ruano, José Rivera

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

88 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objective: To determine whether increased calcium intake (2 g/day) in pregnancy is effective in reducing the risk of preeclampsia in pregnant teenagers. Methods: The present study was a prospective, randomized, double- blind, controlled clinical trial. Two hundred sixty teenaged pregnant girls attending the Hospital Gineco-Obstetrico Isidro Ayora in Quito, Ecuador, were included. Selection criteria were age less than 17.5 years, multiparity, first prenatal visit before 20 weeks' gestation, and residency in Quito (2800-m altitude). We used a table of random numbers to assign 125 girls to receive 2000 mg of elemental calcium daily, beginning at 20 weeks of gestation and continuing until delivery; 135 women in the control group received a placebo. Blood pressure (BP) was measured twice every 4 weeks until delivery and at 48 hours after delivery. The diagnosis of preeclampsia was defined as BP greater than L40/90 mmHg on at least two occasions more than 6 hours apart and proteinuria greater than 30 mg/dL (over one cross by dipstick on two occasions 4-24 hours apart). Results: The average daily calcium intake in this population was approximately 51% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance. Calcium supplementation was associated with a significantly decreased risk of preeclampsia (risk reduction 12.35%; P < .001), with 3.2% (n = 4) developing preeclampsia in the treatment group versus 15.5% (n = 21) in the placebo group. Moreover, calcium supplementation led to a reduction in systolic BP of 9.1 mmHg and in diastolic BP of 6.0 mmHg. Conclusion: These results suggest that calcium supplementation during pregnancy in populations with low calcium intake is a safe, effective, and inexpensive preventive measure that significantly reduces the risk of preeclampsia.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)162-167
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónObstetrics and Gynecology
Volumen90
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - ago. 1997
Publicado de forma externa

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