Celiac Disease Presenting in a Community-Based Gastroenterology Practice: Obesity and Bone Disease Are Common

Giovanni A. Roldan, Sehrish Jamot, Krzysztof Kopec, Amber Charoen, Daniel Leffler, Edward R. Feller, Samir A. Shah

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

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Resumen

Background: The description of the clinical presentation of celiac disease (CeD) has usually come from studies at referral centers. Data about CeD presentation in the community are sparse. Aims: We aim to describe the clinical presentation of patients with biopsy-proven CeD at a community-based adult gastroenterology practice and compare it to a referral center. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of two cohorts of patients diagnosed with CeD between 2000–2007 (n = 117) and 2013–2016 (n = 91) in a community practice, and a third cohort (n = 188) diagnosed between 2000 and 2007 in a tertiary referral center. The clinical presentation, body mass index, tissue-transglutaminase levels, DEXA scan, vitamin D levels, and vaccine recommendations were assessed. Results: Celiac disease presentation changed over time in the two community cohorts. Recently, fewer patients presented with diarrhea and anemia, but constipation and neurologic symptoms were more common. The most recent cohort had a higher proportion of patients who were overweight or obese than the first cohort. However, the body mass index in both community cohorts was higher than in the tertiary referral center. The frequency of osteopenia and osteoporosis was high in both community cohorts. The tertiary referral center patients were younger, presented with a higher proportion of diarrhea and a lower body mass index. Conclusions: The clinical presentation of CeD differs between the community setting and a tertiary referral center. Patients with CeD presenting to the community setting tended to be older, overweight, and to have a high proportion of mineral bone disease.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)860-866
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Volumen68
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 jun. 2022
Publicado de forma externa

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