Contribution of Proteins to the Latin American Diet: Results of the ELANS Study

Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Martha Cecilia Yépez García, Lilia Yadira Cortés Sanabria, Pablo Hernández, Yaritza Sifontes, Guillermo Ramírez, Maura Vásquez, Georgina Gómez, María Reyna Liria-Domínguez, Attilio Rigotti, Mauro Fisberg, Irina Kovaslkys, Maritza Landaeta-Jiménez

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Resumen

Dietary protein intake is vital to life. Here we sought to characterize dietary sources of protein in eight Latin American countries. Survey data were collected for Estudio Latinoamericano de Nutrición y Salud (ELANS); participants were from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela (n = 9218, 15–65 years old). The primary aim of this analysis was to quantify per-person daily protein consumption by country and sociodemographic factors. Secondary aims: to quantify proportional intake of proteins by source, amount and processing, and to determine the adequacy of protein/essential amino acid intake. Younger groups (adolescents 15–19 years, adults 20–33 years) had the highest intake of proteins; middle-aged adults (34–49 years) had a lower intake, and older adults (50–65 years) had a strikingly lower intake. Protein consumption was higher in men than women. Animal proteins comprised nearly 70% of total daily protein intake in Argentina and Venezuela, contrasting with <60% in Peru, Chile, and Costa Rica. Brazil and Venezuela showed the highest protein intake within the highest education level. The higher the socioeconomic level, the higher the protein intake, except for Argentina, Chile, and Peru. Proportional intake of animal- and plant-based protein generally reflected the food availability by country. This study presents a pre-pandemic regional baseline and offers a perspective for future studies of changes related to government policies, climate, and dietary practices.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo669
PublicaciónNutrients
Volumen15
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 28 ene. 2023

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