Introduction. In an Stroke unit, the ischemic stroke treatment with a pharmacological thrombolysis is associated with a better recovery. The aim of this study is to identify the variables having a significant impact in the delay of the arrival of patients at a tertiary hospital. Methods. A prospective and longitudinal study was undertaken in patients with an ischemic stroke diagnosis, who were admitted to the Stroke Unit of Eugenio Espejo Hospital of Quito city in Ecuador in the time period from November 2016 to July 2017. Patients treated with r-Tpa were compared to those who arrived 4,5 hours later. Results. A total of 61 patients were analyzed: of those, 51 arrived 4,5 hours after first symptoms at the hospital, and 10 (16,4%) were throm-bolysed in the period of therapeutic window. None of the social, demographic and clinical variables were related to the early arrival, except the history of an atrial fibrillation. In the group of patients who received r-Tpa, a significantly higher percent sought for medical care as a first option compared with those arriving after the 4,5 hours (90 vs 49%, p 0,0170). The greatest impact of the early referral and the thrombolysis concerned the difference of score between the initial medical evaluation and the hospital discharge in the NIHSS scale. Conclusions. The results of this study point out to the unawareness of the stroke and the behavior to follow. The r-Tpa treatment shows clear benefits to the patients in our environment.
|Número de páginas
|Revista Ecuatoriana de Neurologia
|Publicada - 2018