Determining the Effects of Nanonutrient Application in Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitate L.) Using Spectrometry and Biomass Estimation with UAV

Izar Sinde-González, Josselyn Paola Gómez-López, Stalin Alejandro Tapia-Navarro, Erika Murgueitio, César Falconí, Fatima L. Benítez, Theofilos Toulkeridis

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Resumen

Geospatial technologies are presented as an alternative for the monitoring and control of crops, as demonstrated through the analysis of spectral responses (SR) of each species. In this study, it was intended to determine the effects of the application of nanonutrients (Zn and Mn) in cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitate L.) by analyzing the relationship between the vegetation indices (VI) NDVI, GNDVI, NGRDI, RVI, GVI, CCI RARSa and the content of chlorophyll (CC), from two trials established in the field and in the greenhouse, together with the calculation of dry biomass production in the field through the use of digital models and its further validation. The results indicated that for greenhouse experiments no significant differences were found between the VIs in the implemented treatments, rather for their phenological states. Whereas in the field assays it was evidenced that there were significant differences between the VIs for the treatments, as well as for the phenological states. The SR issued in the field allowed the evaluation of the behavior of the crop due to the application of nanonutrients, which did not occur in the greenhouse, in the same way. The SR also enabled the spectral characterization of the crop in its phenological states in the two trials. All this information was stored in a digital format, which allowed the creation of a spectral library which was published on a web server. The validation of the dry biomass allowed, by statistical analysis, the efficiency of the method used for its estimation to be confirmed.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo81
PublicaciónAgronomy
Volumen12
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - ene. 2022

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