TY - JOUR

T1 - Effective shear width of concrete slab bridges

AU - Lantsoght, Eva O.L.

AU - De Boer, Ane

AU - Van Der Veen, D. Cor

AU - Walraven, Joost C.

PY - 2015/12

Y1 - 2015/12

N2 - For the shear assessment of existing concrete slab bridges in the Netherlands, different levels of approximation are used. Shear stress resulting from the dead loads and live loads is determined in a spreadsheet or from a linear finite-element model. In a spreadsheet-based approach the effective width for the wheel prints needs to be assumed and in finite-element methods, the length over which the peak shear stress can be distributed needs to be assumed. To recommend a load-spreading method, experiments were executed on slab strips of increasing widths. The experiments, a statistical analysis and non-linear finite-element models support a distribution from the far side of the wheel print to the face of the support. To find the distribution width in a finite-element method, a numerical model is compared to an experiment in which the reaction forces were measured. These measurements were compared to the stress profile at the support from the model, showing that the peak stress can be integrated and distributed over 4d1.

AB - For the shear assessment of existing concrete slab bridges in the Netherlands, different levels of approximation are used. Shear stress resulting from the dead loads and live loads is determined in a spreadsheet or from a linear finite-element model. In a spreadsheet-based approach the effective width for the wheel prints needs to be assumed and in finite-element methods, the length over which the peak shear stress can be distributed needs to be assumed. To recommend a load-spreading method, experiments were executed on slab strips of increasing widths. The experiments, a statistical analysis and non-linear finite-element models support a distribution from the far side of the wheel print to the face of the support. To find the distribution width in a finite-element method, a numerical model is compared to an experiment in which the reaction forces were measured. These measurements were compared to the stress profile at the support from the model, showing that the peak stress can be integrated and distributed over 4d1.

KW - Bridges

KW - Concrete structures

KW - Slabs & plates

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84977119736&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1680/bren.13.00027

DO - 10.1680/bren.13.00027

M3 - Artículo

AN - SCOPUS:84977119736

SN - 1478-4637

VL - 168

SP - 287

EP - 298

JO - Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Bridge Engineering

JF - Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Bridge Engineering

IS - 4

ER -