Engineering Escherichia coli for Conversion of Glucose to Medium-Chain ω-Hydroxy Fatty Acids and α,ω-Dicarboxylic Acids

Christopher H. Bowen, Jeff Bonin, Anna Kogler, Carlos Barba-Ostria, Fuzhong Zhang

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

45 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

In search of sustainable approaches to plastics production, many efforts have been made to engineer microbial conversions of renewable feedstock to short-chain (C2-C8) bifunctional polymer precursors (e.g., succinic acid, cadaverine, 1,4-butanediol). Less attention has been given to medium-chain (C12-C14) monomers such as ω-hydroxy fatty acids (ω-OHFAs) and α,ω-dicarboxylic acids (α,ω-DCAs), which are precursors to high performance polyesters and polyamides. Here we engineer a complete microbial conversion of glucose to C12 and C14 ω-OHFAs and α,ω-DCAs, with precise control of product chain length. Using an expanded bioinformatics approach, we screen a wide range of enzymes across phyla to identify combinations that yield complete conversion of intermediates to product α,ω-DCAs. Finally, through optimization of culture conditions, we enhance production titer of C12 α,ω-DCA to nearly 600 mg/L. Our results indicate potential for this microbial factory to enable commercially relevant, renewable production of C12 α,ω-DCA - a valuable precursor to the high-performance plastic, nylon-6,12.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)200-206
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónACS Synthetic Biology
Volumen5
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 18 mar. 2016
Publicado de forma externa

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