Environmental correlates of vocal communication of wild pygmy marmosets, Cebuella pygmaea

Stella De La Torre, Charles T. Snowdon

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

74 Citas (Scopus)


We quantified the acoustic characteristics of the habitats of two wild populations of pygmy marmosets, in Amazonian Ecuador to evaluate their effects on vocal signal structure. We obtained measures of ambient noise, sound attenuation and reverberation through recordings and broadcasts of exemplars of two short-range vocalizations and one long-range vocalization of the marmosets. Ambient noise levels differed among habitats. The calls of pygmy marmosets had frequencies that coincided with relatively quiet regions of the ambient noise spectra of the habitats. The three vocalization types were degraded similarly in all habitats. The two short-range signals, with a pulsatile structure, were more affected by reverberation than was the long-range, less pulsatile vocalization. This degradation could be used by the marmosets to estimate the distance of the caller animals. We obtained data on context of vocalizations from six groups of pygmy marmosets, three from each population, in both the dry and rainy seasons. The use of Trills, J calls and Long calls was related to the distance between the calling animal and the potential receivers suggesting that marmosets are using the calls in a way appropriate to the effects of habitat acoustics.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)847-856
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónAnimal Behaviour
EstadoPublicada - 2002
Publicado de forma externa


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