Executive Function and Intelligent Goal-Directed Behavior: Perspectives from Psychology, Neurology, and Computer Science

Graham Pluck, Antonio Cerone, David Villagomez-Pacheco

Producción científica: Capítulo del libro/informe/acta de congresoContribución a la conferenciarevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

The concept of executive function, as top-down control of processes, originated in computer science in the 1950s. However, it has since become an important concept in a range of human sciences, particularly for its explanatory power in psychology, education, and clinical neurosciences. Nevertheless, its use has been limited by vague definitions and confusion between the related conceptualizations of executive process and intelligence. Here we explore the concept of executive control in detail, drawing on psychology, neurology, and computer science/human-machine interaction. We explore both computationalist and embodied cognition approaches. We describe the core goal-directed and resource-limited features of executive control, its fractionation into components, and partial overlap with psychometric conceptions of intelligence. We also examine its associations with neurological systems beyond those usually linked to executive function (i.e., the frontal lobes). We propose that executive functions are ‘intelligent’, and can be defined by their goal-directedness. Furthermore, executive function tasks can be classified by their task goals into one of three types: Those that involve i) convergent, or ii) divergent thinking, or iii) not responding, such as in psychomotor response inhibition. Conventional intelligence tests measure only convergent thinking. The recognition of non-convergent executive functions allows the identification of executively controlled intelligent goal-directed behavior beyond that controlled by domain-general cognitive processes. This reconceptualization may benefit research in education, clinical and cognitive sciences, as well as the quest for artificial general intelligence.

Idioma originalInglés
Título de la publicación alojadaSoftware Engineering and Formal Methods. SEFM 2022 Collocated Workshops - AI4EA, F-IDE, CoSim-CPS, CIFMA, Revised Selected Papers
EditoresPaolo Masci, Cinzia Bernardeschi, Maurizio Palmieri, Pierluigi Graziani, Mario Koddenbrock
EditorialSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Páginas324-350
Número de páginas27
ISBN (versión impresa)9783031262357
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2023
Publicado de forma externa
EventoWorkshops on AI4EA, F-IDE, CoSim-CPS, CIFMA 2022, Collocated with the 20th International Conference on Software Engineering and Formal Methods, SEFM 2022 - Berlin, Alemania
Duración: 26 sep. 202230 sep. 2022

Serie de la publicación

NombreLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volumen13765 LNCS
ISSN (versión impresa)0302-9743
ISSN (versión digital)1611-3349

Conferencia

ConferenciaWorkshops on AI4EA, F-IDE, CoSim-CPS, CIFMA 2022, Collocated with the 20th International Conference on Software Engineering and Formal Methods, SEFM 2022
País/TerritorioAlemania
CiudadBerlin
Período26/09/2230/09/22

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