Exposure to organophosphate (OP) pesticides and health conditions in agricultural and non-agricultural workers from Maule, Chile

María Teresa Muñoz-Quezada, Boris Lucero, Verónica Iglesias, Karen Levy, María Pía Muñoz, Eduardo Achú, Claudia Cornejo, Carlos Concha, Ana María Brito, Marcos Villalobos

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

40 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The objective was to evaluate the characteristics of exposure to OP pesticides and health status in Chilean farm workers from the Maule Region. An occupational health questionnaire was administered in 207 agricultural and non-agricultural workers. For the group of agricultural workers, we asked about specific occupational exposure history and symptoms of OP pesticide poisoning. The main health problem of the exposed group was previous OP pesticide poisoning (p < 0.001). Fifty-six percent of agricultural workers reported symptoms consistent with acute OP pesticide poisoning. The use of respiratory personal protective equipment and younger age were protective against these symptoms, and number of years of OP pesticide exposure was positively associated with reporting symptoms of poisoning. Of the pesticide applicators 47 % reported using chlorpyrifos. The regulations regarding use and application of pesticides should be strengthened, as should training and intervention with workers to improve the use of personal protective equipment.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)82-93
Número de páginas12
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Environmental Health Research
Volumen27
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2 ene. 2017
Publicado de forma externa

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