Factors affecting the clearance and biodistribution of polymeric nanoparticles

Frank Alexis, Eric Pridgen, Linda K. Molnar, Omid C. Farokhzad

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

2960 Citas (Scopus)


Nanoparticle (NP) drug delivery systems (5-250 nm) have the potential to improve current disease therapies because of their ability to overcome multiple biological barriers and releasing a therapeutic load in the optimal dosage range. Rapid clearance of circulating nanoparticles during systemic delivery is a critical issue for these systems and has made it necessary to understand the factors affecting particle biodistribution and blood circulation halflife. In this review, we discuss the factors which can influence nanoparticle blood residence time and organ specific accumulation. These factors include interactions with biological barriers and tunable nanoparticle parameters, such as composition, size, core properties, surface modifications (pegylation and surface charge), and finally, targeting ligand functionalization. All these factors have been shown to substantially affect the biodistribution and blood circulation half-life of circulating nanoparticles by reducing the level of nonspecific uptake, delaying opsonization, and increasing the extent of tissue specific accumulation.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)505-515
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónMolecular Pharmaceutics
EstadoPublicada - jul. 2008
Publicado de forma externa


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