Formation of granular structures in trapped Bose-Einstein condensates under oscillatory excitations

V. I. Yukalov, A. N. Novikov, V. S. Bagnato

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26 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

We present experimental observations and numerical simulations of nonequilibrium spatial structures in a trapped Bose-Einstein condensate subject to oscillatory perturbations. In experiment, first, there appear collective excitations, followed by quantum vortices. Increasing the amount of the injected energy leads to the formation of vortex tangles representing quantum turbulence. We study what happens after the regime of quantum turbulence, with increasing further the amount of injected energy. In such a strongly nonequilibrium Bose-condensed system of trapped atoms, vortices become destroyed and there develops a new kind of spatial structure exhibiting essentially heterogeneous spatial density. The structure is reminiscent of fog consisting of high-density droplets, or grains, surrounded by the regions of low density. The grains are randomly distributed in space, where they move. They live for a sufficiently long time to be treated as a type of metastable object. Such structures have been observed in nonequilibrium trapped Bose gases of 87Rb, subject to the action of alternating fields. Here we present experimental results and support them by numerical simulation. The granular, or fog structure is essentially different from the state of wave turbulence that develops after increasing further the amount of injected energy.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo095501
PublicaciónLaser Physics Letters
Volumen11
N.º9
DOI
EstadoPublicada - sep. 2014
Publicado de forma externa

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