Genetic Variability in the E6/E7 Region of Human Papillomavirus 16 in Women from Ecuador

Alicia Zhingre, César Bedoya-Pilozo, Diana Gutiérrez-Pallo, Inés Badano, Andrés Herrera-Yela, Zoila Salazar, Damaris Alarcón, Natali Argüello-Bravo, Maylen Espinoza, Patricio Ponce, Yudira Soto, Andrés Carrazco-Montalvo

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Resumen

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection is associated with intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical cancer (CC). Ecuador has a high prevalence of cervical cancer, with more than 1600 new cases diagnosed annually. This study aimed to analyze oncogenes E6 and E7 of HPV16 in samples collected from women with cancerous and precancerous cervical lesions from the Ecuadorian coast. Twenty-nine women, including six with ASCUS, three with LSIL, thirteen with HSIL, and seven with Cacu, were analyzed. The most common SNPs were E6 350G or L83V (82.6%) and E6 145T/286A/289G/335T/350G or Q14H/F78Y/L83V (17.4%). Both variants are reported to be associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer in worldwide studies. In contrast, all E7 genes have conserved amino-acid positions. Phylogenetic trees showed the circulation of the D (26.1%) and A (73.9) lineages. The frequency of D was higher than that reported in other comparable studies in Ecuador and Latin America, and may be related to the ethnic composition of the studied populations. This study contributes to the characterization of the potential risk factors for cervical carcinogenesis associated with Ecuadorian women infected with HPV16.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo1393
PublicaciónViruses
Volumen15
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 19 jun. 2023
Publicado de forma externa

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