Genomic Surveillance of Salmonella from the Comunitat Valenciana (Spain)

Andrea Sánchez-Serrano, Lorena Mejía, Maria Luisa Camaró, Susana Ortolá-Malvar, Martín Llácer-Luna, Neris García-González, Fernando González-Candelas

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva


Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica is one of the most important foodborne pathogens and the causative agent of salmonellosis, which affects both humans and animals producing numerous infections every year. The study and understanding of its epidemiology are key to monitoring and controlling these bacteria. With the development of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) technologies, surveillance based on traditional serotyping and phenotypic tests of resistance is being replaced by genomic surveillance. To introduce WGS as a routine methodology for the surveillance of food-borne Salmonella in the region, we applied this technology to analyze a set of 141 S. enterica isolates obtained from various food sources between 2010 and 2017 in the Comunitat Valenciana (Spain). For this, we performed an evaluation of the most relevant Salmonella typing methods, serotyping and sequence typing, using both traditional and in silico approaches. We extended the use of WGS to detect antimicrobial resistance determinants and predicted minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs). Finally, to understand possible contaminant sources in this region and their relationship to antimicrobial resistance (AMR), we performed cluster detection combining single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) pairwise distances and phylogenetic and epidemiological data. The results of in silico serotyping with WGS data were highly congruent with those of serological analyses (98.5% concordance). Multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) profiles obtained with WGS information were also highly congruent with the sequence type (ST) assignment based on Sanger sequencing (91.9% coincidence). In silico identification of antimicrobial resistance determinants and minimum inhibitory concentrations revealed a high number of resistance genes and possible resistant isolates. A combined phylogenetic and epidemiological analysis with complete genome sequences revealed relationships among isolates indicative of possible common sources for isolates with separate sampling in time and space that had not been detected from epidemiological information. As a result, we demonstrate the usefulness of WGS and in silico methods to obtain an improved characterization of S. enterica enterica isolates, allowing better surveillance of the pathogen in food products and in potential environmental and clinical samples of related interest.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo883
EstadoPublicada - 9 may. 2023


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