GH and GHR signaling in human disease

Jaime Guevara-Aguirre, Alexandra Guevara, Iván Palacios, Mónica Pérez, Patricio Prócel, Enrique Terán

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

21 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Along with its inherent properties in growth promotion, cell division and regeneration, growth hormone (GH) exerts a variety of miscellaneous and widespread actions on the human body after binding to its receptor (GHR). Indeed, GH influences the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins; shapes body composition, influences cardiovascular profile, quality of life, and induces other direct and indirect physiologic effects. Besides this salutary actions, GH and its derived peptide insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), main product of the GH/GHR interaction, have been implicated in the genesis of diseases such as cancer and insulin-resistant diabetes. The effects of these peptides are difficult to discern in healthy individuals but can be better evaluated in disease states in which their action in target tissues is abnormal. In consequence, we selected acromegaly and Laron syndrome due to GH receptor deficiency (GHRD) as models for excess and absence of GH action, and focused in the role of GH/GHR signaling in the genesis of cancer and diabetes. Considering that malignancy has been linked at epidemiological level to type 2 diabetes and high body mass index, suggesting that hyperinsulinemia is an independent contributor to cancer genesis and progression, we propose that the GH-derived IGF-I is also an independent influence for progression to neoplasia since its absence associates with less DNA damage, diminished mutagenesis and efficient apoptosis. Regarding development of type 2 diabetes, we support the notion that GH, by influencing insulin sensitivity via its counter-regulatory properties on carbohydrate metabolism, is an important contributor for development of this disease.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)34-38
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónGrowth Hormone and IGF Research
Volumen38
DOI
EstadoPublicada - feb. 2018

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