Homo- and heteroleptic alkoxycarbene f-element complexes and their reactivity towards acidic N-H and C-H bonds

Polly L. Arnold, Thomas Cadenbach, Isobel H. Marr, Andrew A. Fyfe, Nicola L. Bell, Ronan Bellabarba, Robert P. Tooze, Jason B. Love

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

40 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The reactivity of a series of organometallic rare earth and actinide complexes with hemilabile NHC-ligands towards substrates with acidic C-H and N-H bonds is described. The synthesis, characterisation and X-ray structures of the new heteroleptic mono- and bis(NHC) cyclopentadienyl complexes LnCp2(L) 1 (Ln = Sc, Y, Ce; L = alkoxy-tethered carbene [OCMe2CH2(1-C{NCHCHNiPr})]), LnCp(L)2(Ln = Y) 2, and the homoleptic tetrakis(NHC) complex Th(L)44 are described. The reactivity of these complexes, and of the homoleptic complexes Ln(L)3(Ln = Sc 3, Ce), with E-H substrates is described, where EH = pyrrole C4H4NH, indole C8H6NH, diphenylacetone Ph2CC(O)Me, terminal alkynes RCCH (R = Me3Si, Ph), and cyclopentadiene C5H6. Complex 1-Y heterolytically cleaves and adds pyrrole and indole N-H across the metal carbene bond, whereas 1-Ce does not, although 3 and 4 form H-bonded adducts. Complexes 1-Y and 1-Sc form adducts with CpH without cleaving the acidic C-H bond, 1-Ce cleaves the Cp-H bond, but 2 reacts to form the very rare H+-[C5H5]--H+motif. Complex 1-Ce cleaves alkyne C-H bonds but the products rearrange upon formation, while complex 1-Y cleaves the C-H bond in diphenylacetone forming a product which rearranges to the Y-O bonded enolate product.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)14346-14358
Número de páginas13
PublicaciónDalton Transactions
Volumen43
N.º38
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 14 oct. 2014
Publicado de forma externa

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