Hospital Mortality and Effect of Adjusting PaO2/FiO2 According to Altitude Above the Sea Level in Acclimatized Patients Undergoing Invasive Mechanical Ventilation. A Multicenter Study

Título traducido de la contribución: Mortalidad hospitalaria y efecto de ajustar el cociente PaO2/FiO2 de acuerdo con la altitud por encima del nivel del mar en pacientes aclimatados que se someten a ventilación mecánica invasiva. Un estudio multicéntrico

Manuel Jibaja, Guillermo Ortiz-Ruiz, Fernanda García, Manuel Garay-Fernández, Felipe de Jesús Montelongo, Jorge Martinez, José Antonio Viruez, Orville Baez-Pravia, Santiago Salazar, Francisco Villacorta-Cordova, Freddy Morales, Amilcar Tinoco-Solórzano, Carlos Ibañez Guzmán, Bruno Valle Pinheiro, Felix Zubia-Olaskoaga, Carmelo Dueñas, Antonio Lara Garcia, Pablo Cardinal-Fernández

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

10 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objective: (i) Analyze the effect of altitude above the sea level on the mortality rate in patients undergoing invasive mechanical ventilation. (ii) Validate the traditional equation for adjusting PaO2/FiO2 according to the altitude. Design: A prospective, observational, multicenter and international study conducted during August 2016. Patients: Inclusion criteria: (i) age between 18 and 90 years old, (ii) admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) situated at the same altitude above the sea level (AASL) in which the patients has stayed, at least, during the previous 40 days and (iii) received invasive MV for at least 12 h. Material and methods: All variables were registered the day of intubation (day 0). Patients were followed until death, ICU discharge or day 28. PaO2/FiO2 ratio was adjusted by the AASL according to: PaO2/FiO2 * (barometric pressure/760). Categorical variables were compared with χ2 and Cochran–Mantel–Haenszel test. Continuous variables with Mann–Whitney. Correlation between continuous variables was analyzed graphically and analytically. Logistic regression model was constructed to identify factors associated to mortality. Kapplan–Meier method was used to estimate the probability of survival according to the altitude. A 2-side p value <0.05 was consider significant. Results: 249 patients (<1500 m n = 55; 1500 to <2500 m n = 20; 2500 to <3500 m n = 155 and ≥3500 m n = 19) were included. Adjusted and non-adjusted PaO2/FiO2 were correlated with several respiratory and non respiratory variables. None discordances between non adjusted and adjusted PaO2/FiO2 were identified. However, several correlations were appreciated only in patients situated <1500 m or in >1500 m. Seventy-nine patients died during the ICU stayed (32%). The mortality curve was not affected by the altitude above the sea level. Variables independently associated to mortality are: PEEP, age, systolic arterial blood pressure, and platelet count. AUROC: 0.72. Conclusion: In acclimatized patients undergoing invasive mechanical ventilation, the traditional equation for adjusting PaO2/FiO2 according the elevation above the sea level seems to be inaccurate and the altitude above the sea level does not affect the mortality risk.

Título traducido de la contribuciónMortalidad hospitalaria y efecto de ajustar el cociente PaO2/FiO2 de acuerdo con la altitud por encima del nivel del mar en pacientes aclimatados que se someten a ventilación mecánica invasiva. Un estudio multicéntrico
Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)218-224
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónArchivos de Bronconeumologia
Volumen56
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublicada - abr. 2020
Publicado de forma externa

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Mortalidad hospitalaria y efecto de ajustar el cociente PaO2/FiO2 de acuerdo con la altitud por encima del nivel del mar en pacientes aclimatados que se someten a ventilación mecánica invasiva. Un estudio multicéntrico'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto