Household fuel mixes in peri-urban and rural Ecuador: Explaining the context of LPG, patterns of continued firewood use, and the challenges of induction cooking

Carlos F. Gould, Samuel B. Schlesinger, Emilio Molina, M. Lorena Bejarano, Alfredo Valarezo, Darby W. Jack

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

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Resumen

Nationwide transitions from cooking with solid fuels to clean fuels promise substantial health, climate, and environmental benefits. For decades, Ecuador has invested heavily in consumption subsidies for liquified petroleum gas (LPG), a leading clean fuel. With the goal of understanding household energy use in a context where LPG is ubiquitous and cheap, we administered 808 household surveys in peri-urban and rural communities in coastal and Andean Ecuadorian provinces. We assess cooking fuel ownership and use patterns after long-term LPG access and the reach of induction stoves promoted through a recent government program. Nearly all participants reported using LPG for more than a decade and frequent, convenient access to highly subsidized LPG. Nonetheless, half of rural households and 20% of peri-urban households rely on firewood for cooking and to meet specific household energy needs, like space heating or heating water for bathing. Induction was rare and many induction owners reported zero use because the required equipment had never been installed by electricity companies, their stove had broken, or due to fears of high electricity costs. Our discussion is instructive for other countries because of Ecuador's long-standing clean fuel policies, robust LPG market and standardized cylinder recirculation model, and promotion of induction stoves.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo111053
PublicaciónEnergy Policy
Volumen136
DOI
EstadoPublicada - ene. 2020

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