Improvement in functions of the central nervous system by estrogen replacement therapy might be related with an increased nitric oxide production

Patricio López-Jaramillo, Enrique Terán

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

43 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Estrogen promotes neurons growth, prevents neuronal cell atrophy and regulates synaptic plasticity. Administration of estrogen protects neurons against oxidative stress, excitotoxins, and β-amyloid-induced toxicity in cell culture. It has been shown that estrogen treatment reduces the serum monoamino oxidase levels and might regulate learning and memory. Nitric oxide (NO) is a retrograde messenger and long-term potentiation can be block using NO-synthase inhibitors or can be prevent with NO-scavengers. NO synthase is widespread in the central nervous system and acts as neurotransmitter/neuromodulator. The actions of serotonine, bradykinin, endothelin, acetylcholine and noradrenaline might be linked to NO formation. Estrogen induces activity of constitutive NO synthase and estrogen replacement therapy in postmenopausal women increases significantly circulating nitrite plus nitrate levels. The effect of estrogen on NO synthesis is rapid and is maintained with repeated administration. We demonstrated the effects of estrogen replacement therapy in Andean postmenopausal women were associated with a significantly increase in plasma levels of nitrite plus nitrate. Our hypothesis is that beneficial effect of estrogen replacement therapy on involutive depression in postmenopausal women is mediated by increase in NO production by central nervous system.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)263-266
Número de páginas4
PublicaciónEndothelium: Journal of Endothelial Cell Research
Volumen6
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1999

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