TY - JOUR

T1 - Increasing the Certainty to Estimate 1-Gravity (1-g) Separation Time Based on any-g Force (n) and g-Equivalent Concepts

AU - Carvajal-Larenas, F. E.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Trans Tech Publications Ltd, Switzerland.

PY - 2022

Y1 - 2022

N2 - As it is well established, Stokes law has been used to calculate the time required to precipitate a particle in a fluid under specific conditions such as sphericity, laminar flow, differences on densities (particle and fluid) and fluid viscosity for a specific gravity force (g). However, when the separation under 1-g takes days or months and it is crucial to estimate that time in just minutes, the separation time at 1-g can be estimated making a relationship with any other g (n). However, in any centrifuge the n value is not reached instantaneously but in a specific time and during this time the g-value is never constant, but it is always growing (at the first stage). Then, after reaching the n-value, the centrifuge could stay at that value for a certain time and then, (the third stage) the n value will change again, this time decreasing. Therefore, the aim of this study is to establish a mathematical model that considers the acceleration and deceleration periods and expresses them as equivalents of the n period by using a numerical approach [1-3]. It is expected the g-equivalent concept increases the certainty of the separation time estimation.

AB - As it is well established, Stokes law has been used to calculate the time required to precipitate a particle in a fluid under specific conditions such as sphericity, laminar flow, differences on densities (particle and fluid) and fluid viscosity for a specific gravity force (g). However, when the separation under 1-g takes days or months and it is crucial to estimate that time in just minutes, the separation time at 1-g can be estimated making a relationship with any other g (n). However, in any centrifuge the n value is not reached instantaneously but in a specific time and during this time the g-value is never constant, but it is always growing (at the first stage). Then, after reaching the n-value, the centrifuge could stay at that value for a certain time and then, (the third stage) the n value will change again, this time decreasing. Therefore, the aim of this study is to establish a mathematical model that considers the acceleration and deceleration periods and expresses them as equivalents of the n period by using a numerical approach [1-3]. It is expected the g-equivalent concept increases the certainty of the separation time estimation.

KW - Stokes

KW - certainty

KW - gravity

KW - precipitation

KW - separation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85142656495&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4028/p-txpoi1

DO - 10.4028/p-txpoi1

M3 - Artículo

AN - SCOPUS:85142656495

SN - 1012-0386

VL - 420

SP - 19

EP - 25

JO - Defect and Diffusion Forum

JF - Defect and Diffusion Forum

ER -