The coupling of Cas9 and its inhibitor AcrIIC3, both from the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis (Nme), form a homodimer of the (NmeCas9/AcrIIC3)2 type. This coupling was studied to assess the impact of their interaction with the crowders in the following environments: (1) homogeneous crowded, (2) heterogeneous, and (3) microheterogeneous cytoplasmic. For this, statistical thermodynamic models based on the scaled particle theory (SPT) were used, considering the attractive and repulsive protein-crowders contributions and the stability of the formation of spherocylindrical homodimers and the effects of changes in the size of spherical dimers were estimated. Studies based on models of dynamics, elastic networks, and statistical potentials to the formation of complexes NmeCas9/AcrIIC3 using PEG as the crowding agent support the predictions from SPT. Macromolecular crowding stabilizes the formation of the dimers, being more significant when the attractive protein-crowder interactions are weaker and the crowders are smaller. The coupling is favored towards the formation of spherical and compact dimers due to crowding addition (excluded-volume effects) and the thermodynamic stability of the dimers is markedly dependent on the size of the crowders. These results support the experimental mechanistic proposal of inhibition of NmeCas9 mediated by AcrIIC3.
|Número de artículo
|International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
|Publicada - 31 jul. 2023