Minimum fluidization velocity in a 3D fluidized bed modified with an acoustic field

David Escudero, Theodore J. Heindel

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

27 Citas (Scopus)


Fluidized beds are used in a variety of process industries because they provide uniform temperature distributions, low pressure drops, and high heat/mass transfer rates. Minimum fluidization velocity is an important factor in understanding the hydrodynamic behavior of fluidized beds, and this characteristic may be modified through high frequency (sound) vibrations. The effects caused by sound wave frequency and sound pressure level on the minimum fluidization velocity in a 3D fluidized bed are investigated in this study. Experiments are carried out in a 10.2. cm ID cold flow fluidized bed filled with either glass beads or ground walnut shell, and particle sizes ranged between 212 and 600. μm. In this study, four different bed height-to-diameter ratios are examined: H/. D= 0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2. Moreover, the sound frequency of the loudspeaker used as the acoustic source ranged between 50 and 200. Hz, and the sound pressure level ranged 90-120. dB. Results show that the minimum fluidization velocity is influenced by the frequency change. As the frequency increases, the minimum fluidization velocity decreases until a specific frequency is reached, beyond which the minimum fluidization velocity increases. With increasing sound pressure level, the minimum fluidization velocity decreases because the additional vibration forces imparted to the bed particles helps to loosen the bed, reducing the interparticle forces, which reduces the required energy for particle fluidization. Thus, acoustic fields provide an improvement in the ease of fluidization of these particles.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)68-75
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónChemical Engineering Journal
EstadoPublicada - sep. 2013
Publicado de forma externa


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