Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation with Average Volume-Assured Pressure Support versus BiPAP S/T in de Novo Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure

Killen H. Briones-Claudett, Mónica H. Briones-Claudett, Mariuxi Del Pilar Cabrera Baños, Killen H. Briones Zamora, Diana C. Briones Marquez, Luc J.I. Zimmermann, Antonio W.D. Gavilanes, Michelle Grunauer

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

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Resumen

Background. Bilevel positive airway pressure in spontaneous/time and average volume-assured pressure support (BiPAP·S/T-AVAPS) could maintain an adequate tidal volume by reducing the patient's inspiratory effort; however, this ventilatory strategy has not been compared with other ventilatory modes, especially the conventional BiPAP S/T mode, when noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) is used. The primary objective of this study was to determine the rate of success and failure of the use of BiPAP·S/T-AVAPS versus BiPAP·S/T alone in patients with mild-to-moderate "de novo"hypoxemic respiratory failure. Methods. This was a matched-cohort study. Subjects with mild-to-moderate de novo hypoxemic respiratory failure were divided into two groups according to the ventilatory strategy used. The subjects in the BiPAP·S/T group were paired with those in the BiPAP·S/T-AVAPS group. Results. A total of 58 subjects were studied. Twenty-nine subjects in the BiPAP·S/T group were paired with 29 subjects in the BiPAP·S/T-AVAPS group. Twenty patients (34.5%) presented with "failure of NIMV,"while 38 (65.5%) patients did not. In addition, 13 (22.4%) patients died, while 45 (77.6%) recovered. No differences were found in the percentage of intubation (P=0.44) and mortality (P=0.1). Conclusion. The BiPAP S/T-AVAPS ventilator mode was not superior to the BiPAP·S/T mode. A high mortality rate was observed in patients with NIMV failure in both modes. This trial is registered with https://doi.org/10.1186/ISRCTN17904857.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo4333345
PublicaciónCritical Care Research and Practice
Volumen2022
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2022

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