TY - JOUR

T1 - Optimizing Diffusion Time and other Resources by Using the Diffusion Rate and Number of Stages Concepts

AU - Carvajal-Larenas, F. E.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Trans Tech Publications Ltd, Switzerland.

PY - 2023

Y1 - 2023

N2 - Considering that velocity of diffusion in a system solute-porous material-solvent depends on several factors, (among them, the concentration differential between “solute” in the porous material and “solute” in the solvent) the diffusion process will finish only when maximum entropy is achieved. Thus, the solute concentration will be equal in the matrix and in the solvent (equilibrium concept). On the other hand, if the velocity of diffusion depends on the differential of concentration, then, the amount of materials transferred per time unit (diffusion rate) will diminish as the process goes on. Moreover, when the final concentration of solute in the porous material is desired to be lower than that of the one-stage-equilibrium, then n-more stages must be added. Thus, the decision to choose a process with one or more stages, as well as the end point in each stage (as close or as far as equilibrium) will determine processing time and the use of other resources, i.e. amount of solvent, installation size, financial investment and so on. Therefore, the objective of this study is to develop a tool that helps to optimize these decisions by using a numerical approach.

AB - Considering that velocity of diffusion in a system solute-porous material-solvent depends on several factors, (among them, the concentration differential between “solute” in the porous material and “solute” in the solvent) the diffusion process will finish only when maximum entropy is achieved. Thus, the solute concentration will be equal in the matrix and in the solvent (equilibrium concept). On the other hand, if the velocity of diffusion depends on the differential of concentration, then, the amount of materials transferred per time unit (diffusion rate) will diminish as the process goes on. Moreover, when the final concentration of solute in the porous material is desired to be lower than that of the one-stage-equilibrium, then n-more stages must be added. Thus, the decision to choose a process with one or more stages, as well as the end point in each stage (as close or as far as equilibrium) will determine processing time and the use of other resources, i.e. amount of solvent, installation size, financial investment and so on. Therefore, the objective of this study is to develop a tool that helps to optimize these decisions by using a numerical approach.

KW - Optimization

KW - diffusion rate

KW - ecofriendly

KW - recycling

KW - redesigning

KW - reusing

KW - stages

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85181086946&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4028/p-s1EZrY

DO - 10.4028/p-s1EZrY

M3 - Artículo

AN - SCOPUS:85181086946

SN - 1012-0386

VL - 429

SP - 3

EP - 12

JO - Defect and Diffusion Forum

JF - Defect and Diffusion Forum

ER -