Pharmacokinetics of tildipirosin in horses after intravenous and intramuscular administration and its potential muscle damage

Juan Sebastian Galecio, Elisa Escudero, Elena Badillo, Pedro Marín

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Tildipirosin is a novel semisynthetic macrolide antibiotic exclusively used in veterinary practice to treat respiratory infections. There are no pharmacokinetic or safety information available regarding the use of tildipirosin after intramuscular administration in horses. Thus, the objective of this work was to determine the disposition kinetics of tildipirosin after intravenous (IV) and intramuscular (IM) administration in horses and its potential muscle damage and cardiotoxicity. Six mature, Spanish-breed horses were used in a crossover study with a washout period of 30 days. Tildipirosin (18%) was administered at single doses by IV (2 mg/kg) and IM (4 mg/kg) routes. Tildipirosin plasma concentrations were determined by HPLC assay with ultraviolet detection. Muscle damage and inflammation were assessed by creatine kinase (CK) and haptoglobin (Hp), respectively. Creatine kinase myocardial band (CK-MB) and troponin (Tn) were used to evaluate cardiotoxicity. Tildipirosin in horses reached peak concentrations (Cmax = 1.13 μg/mL) at 0.60 h (tmax) after IM administration with an absolute bioavailability of 109.2%. Steady-state volume of distribution and clearance were 3.31 ± 0.57 L/kg and 0.22 ± 0.02 L/h/kg, respectively. Tildipirosin did not cause cardiotoxicity since CK-MB and Tn basal levels were not significantly different from those obtained after several days post-administration. Mild local reactions were observed after IM administration. This local inflammation was associated with mild myolysis (CK 239–837 UI/L), which was detectable for 48 h. In brief, tildipirosin could help to treat respiratory infections in horses because it showed extensive distribution, high bioavailability and did not provoke general adverse reactions.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)20-25
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónResearch in Veterinary Science
Volumen152
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 20 dic. 2022

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