Phenolics from monofloral honeys protect human erythrocyte membranes against oxidative damage

José M. Alvarez-Suarez, Francesca Giampieri, Ana M. González-Paramás, Elisabetta Damiani, Paola Astolfi, Gregorio Martinez-Sanchez, Stefano Bompadre, José L. Quiles, Celestino Santos-Buelga, Maurizio Battino

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

139 Citas (Scopus)


The aim of the present work was to analyze the phenolic extracts from two monofloral Cuban honeys for their in vitro total antioxidant capacity, phenolic compounds content and free radical scavenging activity. The phenolic extracts, rich in lipophilic compounds, were tested further for their ability to inhibit AAPH-induced oxidative damage (hemolysis, lipid peroxidation and cytosolic depletion of reduced glutathione and decrease of superoxide dismutase activity) in erythrocytes. Results indicate an important total antioxidant capacity measured by TEAC and ORAC assays, as well as a relevant radical scavenging activity performed by EPR. Moreover, 13 phenolic compounds were identified using HPLC-LC/MS with quercetin as the most abundant flavonoid. The results also show that both extracts were able to inhibit erythrocytes oxidative damage, and that this may likely be due to their incorporation into cell membranes and their ability to cross it and reach the cytosol. In fact, flavonoid uptake by erythrocytes was further confirmed by testing quercetin, which efficiently incorporated into erythrocytes. Overall, this study indicates that honey contains relevant antioxidant compounds responsible, at least in part, for its biological activity and that uptake of its flavonoids may provide defense and promote cell functions in erythrocytes.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)1508-1516
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónFood and Chemical Toxicology
EstadoPublicada - may. 2012
Publicado de forma externa


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