Physiological changes during prolonged standing and walking considering age, gender and standing work experience

Rudolf Wall, Gabriela Garcia, Thomas Läubli, Robert Seibt, Monika A. Rieger, Bernard Martin, Benjamin Steinhilber

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

18 Citas (Scopus)


Occupational standing is associated with musculoskeletal and venous disorders. The aim was to investigate whether lower leg oedema and muscle fatigue development differ between standing and walking and whether age, gender and standing work habituation are factors to consider. Sixty participants (15 young females, 15 young males, 15 older males, and 15 young males habituated to standing work) were included and required to stand/walk for 4.5hours in three periods with two seated breaks. Waterplethysmography/bioelectrical impedance, muscle twitch force and surface electromyography were used to assess lower leg swelling (LLS) and muscle fatigue as well as gastrocnemius muscle activity, respectively. While standing led to LLS and muscle fatigue, walking did not. Low-level medial gastrocnemius activity was not continuous during standing. No significant influence of age, gender and standing habituation was observed. Walking can be an effective prevention measure to counteract the detrimental effects of quasi-static standing. Practitioner summary: Prolonged standing leads to lower leg oedema and muscle fatigue while walking does not. The primary cause of fatigue may be in other muscles than the medial gastrocnemius. Walking may be an effective prevention measure for health risks of occupational standing when included intermittently. Abbreviation: BI: bioelectrical impedance; LLS: lower leg swelling; SEMG: surface electromyography; MTF: muscle twitch force; WP: waterplethysmography; Bsl: Baseline; L: Lunch; E: Evening; MTM: method times measurement; EA: electrical activity; IQR: interquartile range; p: percentile; M: mean; SE: standard error; Adj: adjusted.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)579-592
Número de páginas14
EstadoPublicada - 3 may. 2020


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