Pneumococcal Carriage among Indigenous Kichwa Children from the Ecuadorian Andes after the 10-Valent Pneumococcal Vaccine Introduction

Daniela Regalado L, Ismar A. Rivera-Olivero, Miguel Angel Garcia-Bereguiain, Leandro Tana, Isabel Hernandez, Jeannete Zurita, Jorge E. Vidal, Enrique Terá N, Jacobus H. De Waard

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Background: We assessed nasopharyngeal pneumococcal carriage in Andean Kichwa children, the largest Amerindian indigenous population in the Ecuadorian Andes. All children in our study had been vaccinated with the 10-valent pneumococcal vaccine (PCV10). Methods: Nasopharyngeal swabs from 63 families, 100 children < 10 years old including 38 children under 5 years and 63 adult caregivers, from 5 different communities, were cultivated for Streptococcus pneumoniae and isolates were serotyped and antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed. Results: Respectively, 67% of the 38 children under 5 years old, 49% of the 62 children between 6 and 10 years old and 16% of the 100 adults were colonized with S. pneumoniae. Of these, 30.9% carried a vaccine serotype, 5.4% a serotype shared by the PCV10/13-valent pneumococcal vaccine (PCV13) vaccine and 25.5% a PCV13 serotype or PCV13 vaccine-related serotype, with 19A (10.9%) and 6C (10.9%) as the most prominent. Drug susceptibility testing revealed that 46% of the S. pneumoniae strains were susceptible to 6 tested antibiotics. However, 20.3% of the strains were multidrug-resistant or extensively drug-resistant strains, including 82% of the vaccine (-related) serotype 19A and 6C strains. Conclusions: Kichwa children, vaccinated with PCV10, were highly colonized with pneumococci and should be considered a high-risk group for pneumococcal disease. Twenty-five percent of the colonizing S. pneumoniae strains were PCV13-only vaccine-targeted serotypes, and in addition to that, most were multidrug-resistant or extensively drug-resistant strains. The vaccine benefits for this population possibly will significantly increase with the introduction of PCV13.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)E427-E433
PublicaciónPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Volumen40
N.º11
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 nov. 2021

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