Polyphenol-rich strawberry extract protects human dermal fibroblasts against hydrogen peroxide oxidative damage and improves mitochondrial functionality

Francesca Giampieri, José M. Alvarez-Suarez, Luca Mazzoni, Tamara Y. Forbes-Hernandez, Massimiliano Gasparrini, Ana M. Gonzàlez-Paramàs, Celestino Santos-Buelga, José L. Quiles, Stefano Bompadre, Bruno Mezzetti, Maurizio Battino

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

87 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Strawberry bioactive compounds are widely known to be powerful antioxidants. In this study, the antioxidant and anti-aging activities of a polyphenol-rich strawberry extract were evaluated using human dermal fibroblasts exposed to H2O2. Firstly, the phenol and flavonoid contents of strawberry extract were studied, as well as the antioxidant capacity. HPLC-DAD analysis was performed to determine the vitamin C and â-carotene concentration, while HPLC-DAD/ESI-MS analysis was used for anthocyanin identification. Strawberry extract presented a high antioxidant capacity, and a relevant concentration of vitamins and phenolics. Pelargonidin- and cyanidin-glycosides were the most representative anthocyanin components of the fruits. Fibroblasts incubated with strawberry extract and stressed with H2O2 showed an increase in cell viability, a smaller intracellular amount of ROS, and a reduction of membrane lipid peroxidation and DNA damage. Strawberry extract was also able to improve mitochondrial functionality, increasing the basal respiration of mitochondria and to promote a regenerative capacity of cells after exposure to pro-oxidant stimuli. These findings confirm that strawberries possess antioxidant properties and provide new insights into the beneficial role of strawberry bioactive compounds on protecting skin from oxidative stress and aging.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)7798-7816
Número de páginas19
PublicaciónMolecules
Volumen19
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublicada - jun. 2014
Publicado de forma externa

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