Potential of desensitizing toothpastes to reduce the hydrogen peroxide diffusion in teeth with cervical lesions

Andrés Dávila-Sánchez, Andrés Fernando Montenegro, Arana Gordillo Alfonso, Paulo V.itor Farago, Alessandro D. Loguercio, Alessandra Reis

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva


METHODS: In 52 human extracted premolars, 2-mm deep artificial cervical lesions (ACL) were prepared and rinsed with EDTA for 10 seconds. Then teeth were adapted in a brushing machine and brushed with one of the following toothpastes [Regular toothpaste with no occlusive compounds Colgate Cavity Protection (CP), Oral-B Pro Health (OB), Colgate ProRelief (PR) and Sensodyne Rapid Relief (RR)] under constant loading (250 g; 4.5 cycles/seconds; 3 minutes). In 13 teeth (control group), no artificial cervical lesion was prepared. After that, the teeth were bleached with 35% HP with three 15-minute applications. The HP diffusion was measured spectrophotometrically as a stable red product based on HP reaction with 4-aminoanthipyrine and phenol in presence of peroxidase, at a wavelength of 510 nm and the dentin surfaces of ACL were evaluated before and after bleaching by AFM. Data was statistically analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (alpha = 0.05).

RESULTS: In the AFM images, some modifications of the dentin surface were observed after application of OB and RR. However, only for RR the formation of a surface deposit was produced, which occluded the majority of the dentin tubules. Also, only for RR, this deposit was not modified/removed by bleaching. Despite this, all groups with ACL showed higher HP penetration than sound teeth, regardless of the toothpaste used (P < 0.001).

PURPOSE: To evaluate the occlusive potential of four toothpastes by atomic force microscopy (AFM) before and after bleaching and quantify the hydrogen peroxide (HP) diffusion into the pulp chamber after application of desensitizing toothpastes in teeth with cervical lesions.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)139-144
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónAmerican journal of dentistry
EstadoPublicada - 1 jun. 2016


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