Pre-culture period of mesenchymal stem cells in osteogenic media influences their in vivo bone forming potential

Harold Castano-Izquierdo, José Álvarez-Barreto, Juliette Van Den Dolder, John A. Jansen, Antonios G. Mikos, Vassilios I. Sikavitsas

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

139 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The objective of this study was to investigate if the in vitro pre-culture period in osteogenic media of rat mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), influences their ability to regenerate bone when implanted in a critical size cranial defect. MSCs were harvested from the bone marrow of 6-8 weeks old male Fisher rats and expanded in vitro in osteogenic media for different time periods (4, 10, and 16 days) in tissue culture plates (TCP), seeded on sintered titanium fiber meshes without the extracellular matrix (ECM) generated in vitro, and implanted in the rat cranium after 12 h. Thirty two adult Fisher rats received the implants, divided in four groups. Three groups were implanted with cells cultured for 4, 10, or 16 days in osteogenic media and at that time their alkaline phosphatase activity and mineral deposition denoted that they were at different stages of their osteoblastic maturation (undifferentiated MSC, committed, and mature Osteoblasts, respectively). MSCs cultured without osteogenic media for 6 days were used as controls. The constructs were retrieved 4 weeks later and processed for histomorphometric analysis. Implants seeded with cells that have been cultured with osteogenic media for only 4 days revealed the highest bone formation. The lowest bone formation was obtained with the implants seeded with MSCs cultured for 16 days in the presence of osteogenic media. The results of this study suggested that the in vitro pre-culture period of MSCs is a critical factor for their ability to regenerate bone when implanted to an orthotopic site.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)129-138
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Volumen82
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - jul. 2007
Publicado de forma externa

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Pre-culture period of mesenchymal stem cells in osteogenic media influences their in vivo bone forming potential'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto