Malaria is the most common parasitic disease around the world, especially in tropical and sub-tropical regions. This parasitic disease can have a rapid and severe evolution. It is transmitted by female anopheline mosquitoes. There is no reliable vaccine or diagnostic test against malaria; instead, Artesunate is used for the treatment of severe malaria and Artemisinin is used for uncomplicated falciparum malaria. However, these treatments are not efficient against severe malaria and improvements are needed. Primaquine (PQ) is one of the most widely used antimalarial drugs. It is the only available drug to date for combating the relapsing form of malaria. Nevertheless, it has severe side effects. Particle drug-delivery systems present the ability to enhance the therapeutic properties of drugs and decrease their side effects. Here, we report the development of Polymeric Primaquine Microparticles (PPM) labeled with 99mTc for therapeutic strategy against malaria infection. The amount of primaquine encapsulated into the PPM was 79.54%. PPM presented a mean size of 929.47 ± 37.72 nm, with a PDI of 0.228 ± 0.05 showing a homogeneous size for the microparticles and a monodispersive behavior. Furthermore, the biodistribution test showed that primaquine microparticles have a high liver accumulation. In vivo experiments using mice show that the PPM treatments resulted in partial efficacy and protection against the development of the parasite compared to free Primaquine. These results suggest that microparticles drug delivery systems of primaquine could be a possible approach for malaria prevention and treatment.
|Número de páginas
|Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications
|Publicada - 1 sep. 2021
|Publicado de forma externa