Prognostic value of intracranial seizure onset patterns for surgical outcome of the treatment of epilepsy

Diego Jiménez-Jiménez, Ramesh Nekkare, Lorena Flores, Katerina Chatzidimou, Istvan Bodi, Mrinalini Honavar, Nandini Mullatti, Robert D.C. Elwes, Richard P. Selway, Antonio Valentín, Gonzalo Alarcón

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

36 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objective: To investigate if intracranial EEG patterns at seizure onset can predict surgical outcome. Methods: Ictal onset patterns from intracranial EEG were analysed in 373 electro-clinical seizures and subclinical seizures from 69 patients. Seizure onset patterns were classified as: (a) Diffuse electrodecremental (DEE); (b) Focal fast activity (FA); (c) Simultaneous onset of fast activity and diffuse electrodecremental event (FA-DEE); (d) Spikes; (e) Spike-wave activity; (f) Sharp waves; (g) Alpha activity; (h) Delta activity. Presence of preceding epileptiform discharge (PED) was also studied. Engel and ILAE surgical outcome scales were used. Results: The mean follow-up period was 42.1. months (SD. = 30.1). Fast activity was the most common seizure onset pattern seen (33%), followed by (FA-DEE) (20%), DEE (19%), spike-wave activity (12%), sharp-waves (6%), alpha activity (6%), delta activity (3%) and spikes (1%). Preceding epileptiform discharges were present in 75% of patients. FA was associated with favourable outcome (p= 0.0083) whereas DEE was associated with poor outcome (p= 0.0025). A widespread PED was not associated with poor outcome (p= 0.9559). There was no clear association between seizure onset pattern and specific pathology, except possibly between sharp/spike waves and mesial temporal sclerosis. Conclusions: FA activity is associated with favourable outcome. DEE at onset was associated with poor surgical outcome. Widespread/bilateral PEDs were not associated with poor or good outcome. Significance: FA appears to be the best marker for the epileptogenic zone. Surgery should be contemplated with caution if DEE is the first ictal change. However, a widespread/bilateral PED at onset is common and should not discourage surgery.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)257-267
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónClinical Neurophysiology
Volumen126
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 feb. 2015

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