Bioenergy production is a new and promising industry in Ecuador. However, a confusing variety of laws, which are spread among different regulating institutions, regulate the agricultural sector. Such dispersion makes it difficult for farmers and businesses to understand applicable rights, duties, regulations and agricultural policies. Moreover, this rather young industry lacks important experience. In the first section of this work, the existing Ecuadorian legislation on bioenergy is presented and analyzed. Then, a brief, thorough analysis and comparison are carried out for experiences not only in developed countries, but also with similar cultural frameworks and comparable climatic conditions. The results are summarized as specific recommendations that have been handed to the National Agricultural Chamber of Ecuador from academia for the proposal of a Unified Agricultural Code established in the Ecuadorian legal hierarchy as an Organic Law.