Protective effect of the medicinal herb infusion “horchata” against oxidative damage in cigarette smokers: An ex vivo study

Mabel Guevara, Adrián Proaño, Eduardo Tejera, Isabel Ballesteros, María E. Sánchez, María G. Granda-Albuja, Byron Freire, Aida M. Chisaguano, Alexis Debut, Karla Vizuete, Celestino Santos-Buelga, Ana M. González-Paramás, Maurizio Battino, José M. Alvarez-Suarez

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

5 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Cigarette smoking has been associated with an increase in oxidative stress (OS) and is considered a predisposing factor to chronic noncommunicable diseases, whilst dietary antioxidants has been proposed as an alternative to cope with this oxidative stress. In this study, 20 smokers and 20 non-smokers were studied with the aim of determining their antioxidant status, as well as the ability of an infusion of 23 medicinal plants, to counteract the damage caused by OS. The plasma, red blood cells (RBCs) and polymorphonuclear cells (PBMCs) of both groups were incubated or not with the horchata infusion extract and then the OS markers, genotoxicity, nanostructure of RBCs membrane and genes related to oxidative responses and cellular functionality were evaluated. Up to 33 different compounds, mainly quercetin glycosides, were identified in the extract. A significant deterioration in the antioxidant status in smokers compared to non-smokers was found. The horchata infusion extract improved the nanostructure of RBCs and DNA damage, as well as the activity of the endogenous antioxidant enzymes and markers of oxidative damage to lipid, and proteins in plasma, RBCs and PBMCs in both groups, whilst no significant changes were found in the expression of different genes related to OS response.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo111538
PublicaciónFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volumen143
DOI
EstadoPublicada - sep. 2020

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Protective effect of the medicinal herb infusion “horchata” against oxidative damage in cigarette smokers: An ex vivo study'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto