## Resumen

A novel approach to bio-macromolecular design from a linear algebra point of view is introduced. A protein's total (whole protein) and local (one or more amino acid) linear indices are a new set of bio-macromolecular descriptors of relevance to protein QSAR/QSPR studies. These amino-acid level biochemical descriptors are based on the calculation of linear maps on Rn[fk(xmi): Rn→Rn] in canonical basis. These bio-macromolecular indices are calculated from the k^{th} power of the macromolecular pseudograph α-carbon atom adjacency matrix. Total linear indices are linear functional on Rn. That is, the k^{th} total linear indices are linear maps from Rn to the scalar R[fk(xm):Rn→R]. Thus, the k^{th} total linear indices are calculated by summing the amino-acid linear indices of all amino acids in the protein molecule. A study of the protein stability effects for a complete set of alanine substitutions in the Arc repressor illustrates this approach. A quantitative model that discriminates near wild-type stability alanine mutants from the reduced-stability ones in a training series was obtained. This model permitted the correct classification of 97.56% (40/41) and 91.67% (11/12) of proteins in the training and test set, respectively. It shows a high Matthews correlation coefficient (MCC = 0.952) for the training set and an MCC = 0.837 for the external prediction set. Additionally, canonical regression analysis corroborated the statistical quality of the classification model (R _{canc} = 0.824). This analysis was also used to compute biological stability canonical scores for each Arc alanine mutant. On the other hand, the linear piecewise regression model compared favorably with respect to the linear regression one on predicting the melting temperature (t_{m}) of the Arc alanine mutants. The linear model explains almost 81% of the variance of the experimental t_{m} (R = 0.90 and s = 4.29) and the LOO press statistics evidenced its predictive ability (q^{2} = 0.72 and s_{cv} = 4.79). Moreover, the TOMOCOMD-CAMPS method produced a linear piecewise regression (R = 0.97) between protein backbone descriptors and t_{m} values for alanine mutants of the Arc repressor. A break-point value of 51.87°C characterized two mutant clusters and coincided perfectly with the experimental scale. For this reason, we can use the linear discriminant analysis and piecewise models in combination to classify and predict the stability of the mutant Arc homodimers. These models also permitted the interpretation of the driving forces of such folding process, indicating that topologic/topographic protein backbone interactions control the stability profile of wild-type Arc and its alanine mutants.

Idioma original | Inglés |
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Páginas (desde-hasta) | 3003-3015 |

Número de páginas | 13 |

Publicación | Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry |

Volumen | 13 |

N.º | 8 |

DOI | |

Estado | Publicada - 15 abr. 2005 |

Publicado de forma externa | Sí |