Recent Advances in Polyesters for Biomedical Imaging

Mohamed F. Attia, Beau R. Brummel, Timothy R. Lex, Brooke A. Van Horn, Daniel C. Whitehead, Frank Alexis

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revisiónrevisión exhaustiva

25 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Several synthetic materials exhibiting contrast imaging properties have become vital to the field of biomedical imaging. Polymeric biomaterials and metals are commonly used imaging agents and can assist in the monitoring of therapy response, migration, degradation, changes in morphology, defects, and image-guided surgery. In comparison to metals, most bio and synthetic polymers lack inherent imaging properties. Polymeric biomaterials, specifically polyesters, have gained a considerable amount of attention due to their unique properties including biocompatibility, biodegradation, facile synthesis, and modification capability. Polyester implants and nanomaterials are available on the market or are in clinical trials for many applications including: dental implants, cranio-maxilofacial implants, soft tissue sutures and staples, abdominal wall repair, tendon and ligament reconstruction, fracture fixation devices, and coronary drug eluting stents. This review aims to provide a summary of the recent developments of polyesters with bioimaging contrast properties. The three main approaches to prepare bioimaging polyesters (coating, encapsulation, and functionalization) are discussed in depth. Furthermore, commonly used imaging modalities including X-ray computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, fluorescence, and radionucleotide polyester contrast agents are highlighted. In each section, examples of impactful bioimaging polyesters in the five major imaging modalities are evaluated.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo1800798
PublicaciónAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Volumen7
N.º22
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 21 nov. 2018
Publicado de forma externa

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