We study the effect of grain polydispersity on the bulk modulus in noncohesive two-dimensional granular solids. Molecular dynamics simulations in two dimensions are used to describe polydisperse samples that reach a stationary limit after a number of hysteresis cycles. For stationary samples, we obtain that the packing with the highest polydispersity has the lowest bulk modulus. We compute the correlation between normal and tangential forces with grain size using the concept of branch vector or contact length. Classifying the contact lengths and forces by their size compared to the average length and average force, respectively, we find that strong normal and tangential forces are carried by large contact lengths, generally composed of at least one large grain. This behavior is more dominant as polydispersity increases, making force networks more anisotropic and removing the support, from small grains, in the loading direction thus reducing the bulk modulus of the granular pack. Our results for two dimensions describe qualitatively the results of three-dimensional experiments.
|Número de artículo
|Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
|Publicada - 10 ago. 2018
|Publicado de forma externa